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Its name literally means temple of God. The fourth Guru of Sikhism, Guru Ram Das, excavated a tank in 1577 AD which subsequently became known as Amritsar (meaning: Pool of the Nectar of Immortality), giving its name to the city that grew around it. In due course, a splendid Sikh edifice, Harmandir Sahib (meaning: The abode of God), rose in the middle of this tank and became the supreme centre of Sikhism. Its sanctum came to house the Adi Granth comprising compositions of Sikh Gurus and other saints considered to have Sikh values and philosophies e.g. Baba Farid, Kabir, etc. The compilation of the Adi Granth was started by the fifth Guru of Sikhism, Guru Arjan Dev.
GURUDWARA SRI TARN TARAN SAHIB
Gurdwara Sri Tarn Taran Sahib is a Gurdwara established by the fifth guru, Guru Arjan Dev. It is situated in the city of Tarn Taran Sahib. It has the distinction of having the largest sarovar (Water pond) of all the gurudwaras. Also it is famous for the month gathering of pilgrims on day of Amavas (No moon night). It is near Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar.
GURDWARA SHRI BAOLI SAHIB GOINDWAL SAHIB
SRI BAOLI SAHIB is a large, open well, 8 metres (26') across.Its water level is reached through a covered passage comprising a flight of 84 steps. A wide pointed archway opens on a domed clearance, four steps below the ground level. Its cupola is painted with multicoloured floral designs and portraits of Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Hargobind and Guru Gobind Singh.
GURUDWARA BABA BAKALA
Before death at Delhi on March 30, 1664 Guru Harkrishan uttered these words 'Baba Bakala', thereby meaning that his successor was to be found at Bakala village in Amritsar. In Bakala there were many men who then claimed to be the Guru's successor. This was the first time a Guru had not selected his successor in person. This created some anxiety in the sikhs.
GURUDWARA BABA DEEP SINGH
Gurudwara Baba Deep Singh, Amritsar: The great Sikh scholar and martyr Baba Deep Singh was mortally wounded here when in 1762 the Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali ordered the Harmandar Sahib blown up and the Sacred Tank filled in. Baba Deep Singh, the greatest Sikh scholar of his time, took up the sword on a mission to restore the sanctity of the Sikhs most revered Temple. He along with five thousand faithful Sikhs fought against the Muslim forces of Jahan Khan. Although heavily outnumbered the Sikhs fought bravely.
GURUDWARA BHAI SAALO JI
Gurdwara Bhai Saalo Ji is located near near Lohgarh and Gurdwara Guru ke Mahal alongside the guru bazar in Amritsar city.Earlier in the times of the Gurus, there was a famous Dharamsal of Bhai Saalo who was an ardent Bhagat (follower) of Guru Arjun Dev ji.
GURUDWARA BIR BABA BUDHA
Baba Buddha used to live here in the jungle outside Amritsar. Being without a child for many years Guru Arjan Dev's wife Ganga Devi became anxious. Guru Arjan Dev told her; "If you wish a child, ask a pious Sikh like Baba Buddha, the aged seer and devout disciple of Guru Nanak for a blessing". Ganga Devi went to seek the blessings of Baba Buddha with a large entourage. She presented Baba Buddha with many delicacies to eat.
GURUDWARA CHHEHARTA SAHIB
Guru ki Vadali is the birthplace of the Sixth Guru, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib, the son of Guru Arjan Dev Ji. To celebrate the birth of his son, Guru Arjan Dev Ji constructed a big well at this place. This well had six Persian wheels to draw out the water and thus came to be known as Chheharta, the well with six wheels. This well helped in removing water scarcity in the region and enabled the greening of the fields.
GURUDWARA GURU KA MAHAL
GURUDWARA SHRI GURU MAHAL is situated in the Amritsar City. Its near to the GURUDWARA SHRI HARIMANDIR SAHIB. SHRI GURU RAMDAS JI and his family was staying here. SHRI GURU RAMDAS JI founded the city of RAMDASPUR (Modern day AMRITSAR) and began excavation of 'POOL OF NECTAR'. SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI got married here and was also blessed as GURU here. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI was also married here. This place is also birth place of BABA ATAL RAI JI and SHRI GURU TEG BAHADUR JI.
GURUDWARA KAULSAR SAHIB
Gurdwara Kaulsar Sahib is a sacred Sikh shrine on the west-side of Gurdwara Baba Atal in Amritsar, Punjab near the main Darbar Sahib at Harmandar Sahib. Next to the Gurdwara Mata Kaulan lies a Sarovar (pool) known as Kaulsar Sahib or Kaulsar Sarvor, named after a holy lady who was raised as a Muslim called Bibi Kaulan, the adopted (possibly Hindu) daughter of the Qazi of Lahore.
GURDWARA RAMSAR SAHIB
Gurdwara Ramsar stands alongside the Ramsar sarovar, the smallest of Amritsar's five holy sarovars. Located near Chativind Gate, on the south-eastern side of the walled city of Amritsar, the present Gurdwara Ramsar is a small marble-lined hall topped by a gilded, fluted lotus dome.
GURUDWARA SANTOKHSAR SAHIBGurdwara Santokhsar Sahib is an historical sikh shrine, situated at distance of 700 Meters from Harimandir Sahib. This is one of the five historical sarovers constructed by GUru Arjun Dev.
SHRI AKAL TAKHAT SAHIB
The Akal Takht of the Timeless One or Seat (Throne) of God. It is one of the five seats of temporal physical religious authority of the Sikhs. Akal means The Timeless One - another term for God. Takht means 'seat' or 'throne' in Persian. Akal Takht is located in the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab, and faces the Darshani Deohri.